Rose, is one of the most widespread and recognizable ornamental plants with a large number of fans around the world. Many of us can remember the hundred-leafed rose plants from the yards of our grandmothers. We use to smelled its wonderful aroma and we have associated it with beautiful family moments. Roses live for many years and bloom from late spring to late autumn. It is a beautiful flowering shrub with impressive flowers, glossy green foliage and sharp thorns on the shoots.

There are hundreds of different types of rose plants.  Their flowers comes in beautiful colors, striking shapes and many sizes to choose from. Roses are an excellent choice of plant, with beautiful flowers for use with a vase, as well as to make unique bouquets. 

The rose has the reputation of being a plant that needs special care. However, following some basic instructions for proper planting and care will impress us. In our article, we will refer in some things we need to know about the care of the rose. In this way, we area going to enjoy healthy roses with wonderful fragrant roses for many years. 

The most well-known species and varieties of roses

The roses, depending on their growth, are divided into: dwarf varieties with low height, ground cover varieties that spread in the ground, shrub varieties, climbing varieties that grow vertically and tree roses that do not form in shape. Beyond that, it’s a matter of taste. We choose varieties and species of roses depending on the colors we like and the intensity of the aroma of the flowers. 

An important factor to consider is to choose the right rose species, depending on the layout of our garden and balcony, as well as the available space we have. For example, if we want roses to cut flowers for the vase, we choose special shrub varieties, with large flower stems that are ideal for cut flowers.

If we plant in a pot on the balcony, we prefer dwarf roses or ground cover roses that have lower and lateral growth. And if we have small children at home, we choose rose varieties with fewer and smaller thorns. To create a tall fence around our garden and our yard or an impressive entrance in front of our house, we prefer to plant climbing or tree varieties of roses that have a higher height and a more imposing appearance. 

Time to plant the roses

We can plant roses during all year. For plants that we have supplied in pots, which have a soil ball that holds the roots, we plant in the spring and summer. Barefoot rose plants are planted during the winter, to make root and give us leaves and flowering in the spring.

Prepare the soil for rose planting 

It is important to properly prepare the soil for planting roses, as in this way the plant has better growth and gives us richer flowering. Before planting the rose, dig well and fine-tune the soil to a depth of 30–40 cm and remove any small stones. We dig a planting hole at least 20-30 cm in diameter, much larger than the soil ball of our plant pot when we took it from the nursery. Inside the planting hole, we incorporate well-digested manure. Also compost, to enrich the planting site of the rose with organic matter and nutrients.

At the same time, we improve the soil to ensure better rooting and plant growth. To plant the roses in pots, we use high quality topsoil, enriched with nutrients and perlite. At the same time, we ensure good drainage on the rose plants by placing a thin layer of gravel at the base of the pot to remove excess water.

Choose the right place to plant rose

Rose loves the sun and grows best in sunny places. We plant the roses in places where the sun can see them, so that they have a rich growth and give us more flowers. Even in a semi-shady position, the rose can survive by giving us enough flowers. We can plant roses in the ground to make a beautiful rose garden. Also, we can keep them in pots in the yard, on the balcony and on our terrace.

Roses in the garden
To create dense clusters in our garden, we plant the roses every 50 cm between them, leaving a distance of one meter between the clusters. To make a fence with roses, the planting distances are about one meter. Avoid planting roses near trees or other tall plants that may impede their growth.

Potted roses
The rose belongs to the plants that can withstand the cold. However, for rose plants that we keep in pots, we make sure to place them in places protected from the strong north winds and frost. We prefer a balcony with west or east orientation in order for our plants to grow better. We choose pots that have holes in the base to remove excess water from the watering. For dwarf or shrub varieties, we use pots with a diameter of about 20-30 cm and larger pots of about 30-40 cm for tree and climbing roses.

How often do roses need watering?

The rose needs frequent and rich watering to stay healthy with rich and prolonged flowering. An ideal way of watering is the drip irrigation system. That ensures greater efficiency and saves a significant amount of water. Indicatively, in the spring and autumn period, we water the roses once a week, while in the summer period 2 times a week. If our roses are in pots, we water more often, as the soil dries faster.

If we water the roses with the rubber, it needs a lot of attention. When watering, we take care not to throw water on the leaves and not to wet the foliage of the rose, in order to avoid the development of fungal diseases.

Time to put fertilizer on our roses

This plants has nutritious needs and we need to add fertilizer at different times of the year, to enjoy many long-lasting roses. Fertilization of the rose begins in late winter or early spring, after pruning. We use a complete granular or water-soluble fertilizer rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and iron. Arboreal and climbing roses need fertilization twice a year, in late winter and early summer. Dwarf and bushy roses require regular fertilization every month from spring to autumn.

Due to regular watering and fertilizing, many unwanted grasses grow around the roots of the roses. This are the well-known weeds, and we should make regular carvings, to remove them around the plant. During the carving, the soil can be enriched with compost and compost.

We believe we had help you in this guide. Plants are hear to make our lifew colorful and optimistic. Don’t be afraid of trying to create an unique garden or just a beautiful roses balcony. Try the tips that we present you above and make the perfect flower spot in your residence.